The place where Maehon Yun, Bong-gil was born and grew up
Chunguisa (temple), administratively located in Shiryang-ri, Deoksan-myeon, Yesan-gun, is the place where Patriot Maehon Yun Bong-gil was born, grew up, and inspired rural enlightenment and patriotism into the hearts of people before his exile. Constructed from 1968 to 1974 to commemorate Yun’s great feats and loyal spirits to the future generations, it was designated as the Historic Site No. 227 on October 14, 1972. Since then, Yun, Bong-gil Cultural Festival is annually held from April 27 to April 29 to pay tribute to the patriot.
Patriot Yun, Bong-gil was born as the eldest son of Yun, Hwang-gong at his parents' house of Dojung-do on June 21 in the second year of Sunjong Yunghee in 1908. At his fifteen, he was called a genius for his top scholastic ability, and, at his nineteen in 1926, he formed a night study club and exerted himself to crusading against illiteracy. In 1927, he wrote Farmers Book and organized a reading club. However, after leaving a tragic will stating, "Once leaving home, a man must achieve his goal," on March 6, 1930, he fled from the country. Then, in the Honggu Park, Shanghai, China, on April 29, 1932, he performed the patriotic deed of blasting the ceremony hall of Chonjangjol Shanghai Incident Victory Celebration. He died at the age of 25 on December 29, 1932, after sacrificing himself for the country.
Chunguisa with the area of 147,802㎡ is divided into four sections. The main temple site has the shrine with Yun’s portrait scroll, Chunguimun, Hongsalmun, and etc. while the memorial site includes Patriot Yun, Bong-gil Memorial Hall, Tower of analects, and Peddler Pavilion. Not only does Patriot Yun, Bong-gil Memorial Hall display his 56 remains of 28 different types designated as the treasure No. 568, but it also screens his short life on 11 magic visions, different media, and diorama. The growth site includes Jeohandang where he used to live from the age of four up to the period right before his exile, Monument to his sacrifice, and Yun, Bong-gil Statue. The birth site, named Dohung-do by Patriot Yun because the stream scattered around, unveils Gwangheondang, the place where he was born and grew up to be four years old, Buheugwon, the place for the night study club, and a water mill. Especially, Dojung-do’s blooming flowers such as a rose of Sharon and multifarious wild flowers provide another deserving site to look around.